Orson Welles and the Lesbian Sex Consultant: “Robert McCallum’s” 3AM (1975)

With its unlikely admirers, and unexpected contributors, Dave contemplates the position of this golden era classic amongst Gary Graver’s porno legacy.

If you watch A Gary Graver Movie (2004), the fascinating self-shot documentary by the prolific filmmaker, he begins by saying “I’ve directed about twenty feature films, and I’m sure you’ve never heard of any of them”.

Let’s gloss over Graver’s admirable line in self-deprecation for a moment, and dwell on the figure of twenty. A cursory glance at IMDb and you’ll see that not only did Graver understate his output, but he reached that figure by shunning his work in the porn industry.

If you dig a little deeper into the Oregonian’s legacy, then you come to the understanding that he rarely acknowledged his ‘Robert McCallum’ period (the pseudonym which graced every piece of hardcore he worked on). Indeed, obits in both the New York Times and the Los Angeles Times didn’t allude to McCallum, while there’s a telling quote on his website filmography page – presumably written by his family – which hints at Graver’s true feelings about those pictures:

“Many projects are not listed here, but that was his preference. We honour his wishes by publishing the works that he wanted to be known for.”

Granted, I can see the reasoning behind the exclusion of throwaway ‘90s sleaze such as Maverdick (1992) or Cape Rear (1995), but to erase your contribution to a golden era classic like 3AM (1975) is sacrilege, not least when you take into account the influence it had on other filmmakers.

Take Susie Bright for example, the lesbian sex consultant on Lana and Lilly Wachowski’s smouldering crime-thriller Bound (1996). Writing an obituary for Graver on her blog, she said “I worshipped Robert McCallum’s work; I studied his porn as if it was D.H Lawrence with a lens. [The shower sequence in] 3AM became my inspiration for the scenes between lovers Violet and Corky”.

More than just an influence, the seven minute cubicle scene between Georgina Spelvin (The Devil in Miss Jones (1973)) and Judith Hamilton (Spelvin’s actual girlfriend at the time) has been etched rather remarkably into Orson Welles folklore too. Graver of course was the right hand man for the Citizen Kane (1941) director, from 1970 until the auteurs death in 1985. In Josh Karp’s book which details the making of (Welles perennially unfinished – but now finished – film) The Other Side of the Wind (2018), he recalls a story told to him by Splevin:

“Welles worked without credit on one of Graver’s hardcore outings, 3AM. Fuming that Graver was busy editing this, instead of working on his projects, Welles volunteered to cut a sequence to speed the films completion. Spelvin proudly told me that Welles was responsible for the dynamic editing of her masturbation scene in a shower…”

It’s a momentous moment in the picture as Welles splices an endless variation of shots, with Graver’s camera twisting through the enclosed space, bringing a heightened sense of frenzied passion to Spelvin and Hamilton’s water-soaked intimacy. All the time Peter van den Beemt’s quintet of musician’s pound out a pulsating jazz score to echo the rhythms of the women’s contorting bodies.

Ironically it’s a rare sequence in the film that seems a little superfluous to the downbeat yet purposefully interlocking nature of Tony Crechales’ (writing as Tony Trelos) script, which manages to coherently integrate its sex scenes into the storyline with an admirable fluidity. Crechales built his career on penning some fine genre pics such as The Killing Kind (1973) for Curtis Harrington and Impulse (1974) for William Grefe, and his lo-fi yet finely crafted style certainly shines through in 3AM. 

A character piece to its very core, the movie centres on the mysterious death of Mark (an impressive Frank Mauro in his sole feature) who one night (at 3am, hence the title) falls overboard while on his boat. Dealing with the consequences are his wife Elaine (Rhonda Gellard), kids Ronnie (Charles Hooper) and Stacey (Clair Dia), as well as his live-in sister-in-law Kate (Spelvin) – with whom he’s been having an affair for fifteen years.

Jim Holliday wrote in his peerless industry bible, Only the Best, that 3AM “… succeeds not only as a sex film, but on a much higher level”. It’s a captivating glimpse into the mind of each person, with the tragedy affecting all four individuals in its own different way. Although the ambitious non-linear narrative is determined to savour in emotions like remorse, sorrow and despair, it’s passion that remains the overriding mental state.

Dense characterisation and tightly-woven drama aside, it’s the look of the film that dazzles. Graver already had an established working relationship with director of photography R. Michael Stringer, who had been his camera operator on Invasion of the Bee Girls, Bummer and Clones (all 1973), and here their synergy is obvious.

There are shots of staggering artistic beauty – not least in the final reel – where we’re treated to lush cinematic beach shots which slap you across the chops with their audacity. Graver and Stringer seem intent on tipping their hat towards the mood and melancholia of European cinema, and it’d be remiss not to ponder the tonal and visual similarities to Jean Rollin. In retrospect, I don’t think you could offer this picture a more genuine compliment.

3AM (1975) poster

2 thoughts on “Orson Welles and the Lesbian Sex Consultant: “Robert McCallum’s” 3AM (1975)

  1. I worked on this shoot. A year after completion, someone decided it needed an expository shot and more sex. When they brought Rhonda back to the set, shed lost a lot of weight. To match body types from earlier footage, Georgina subbed the sex scene on the boat. Of all the crap I did in Hollywood I’m most proud of my work with Gary He was a real Pro.


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